A biography of alexander pope

Pope Alexander VI

But his military force was uncertain, for the condottieri were not to be trusted. In this manner, he was able to take advantage of the defeat of the French in order to break the power of the Orsini. He toyed with the idea of composing a patriotic epic in blank verse called Brutus, but only the opening lines survive.

By securing the hand of Federigo's daughter, Carlotta, Princess of Tarento, he would become one of the most powerful barons of the kingdom, with ulterior prospects of wearing the crown. Like so many other princely cadets, he was obtruded upon the Churchthe question of a clerical vocation being left completely out of consideration.

Virginio Orsini, who had been captured by the Spaniards, died a prisoner at Naples, and the pope confiscated his property. A biography of alexander popehe announced his plans to publish a translation of the Iliad. These were written in the popular Augustan form of the "imitation" of a classical poet, not so much a translation of his works as an updating with contemporary references.

There is no irresistible evidence that Borgia paid anyone a ducat for his vote; Infessura's tale of mule-loads of silver has long since been discredited. Pope reissued the poem in with an elaborate mock commentary of prefaces, notes, appendixes, indexes, and errata; this burlesque of pedantry whimsically suggested that The Dunciad had fallen a victim to the spirit of the times and been edited by a dunce.

The story of the Florentine friar will be related elsewhere, here it suffices to note that Alexander's treatment of him was marked by extreme patience and forbearance.

He had annulled Lucrezia's marriage with Sforza inand, unable to arrange a union between Cesare and the daughter of Frederick, king of Naples who had succeeded Ferdinand II the previous yearhe induced the latter by threats to agree to a marriage between the duke of Bisceglie, a natural son of Alphonso II, and Lucrezia.

Such is the opinion of Henri de l'Epinois in the "Revue des questions historiques"XXIX,a study that even Thuasne, the hostile editor of the Diary of Burchard, calls "the indispensable guide of all students of Borgia history". Shut, shut the door, good John!

The third marriage of Lucrezia, celebrated by proxy in the Vatican 30 December,far exceeded the first in splendour and extravagance. Robert Appleton Company, Pope dispatches his victims with such sensuousness of verse and imagery that the reader is forced to admit that if there is petulance here, as has often been claimed, it is, to parody Wordsworth, petulance recollected in tranquillity.

The wedding was celebrated in the Vatican in the presence of the Popeten cardinalsand the chief nobles of Rome with their ladies, the revelries of the occasion, even when exaggerations and rumours are dismissed, remain a blot upon the character of Alexander. He served in the Curia under five popes and acquired much administrative experience, influence and wealth, although no great power; he was economical in his habits; on occasion he displayed great splendor and lived in a fine palace.

Alexander VI

Broome translated eight books 2, 6, 8, 11, 12, 16, 18, 23Fenton four 1, 4, 19, 20 and Pope the remaining 12; Broome provided the annotations.

Notwithstanding these and similar actions, which might seem to entitle him to no mean place in the annals of the papacyAlexander continued as Pope the manner of life that had disgraced his cardinalate Pastor, op.

Alexander hoped that Louis's help would be more profitable to his house than that of Charles had been and, in spite of the remonstrances of Spain and of the Sforza, he allied himself with France in January and was joined by Venice.

There he entertained such friends as SwiftBolingbrokeOxford, and the painter Jonathan Richardson. The poem is not solely Christian, however; it makes an assumption that man has fallen and must seek his own salvation.

In his early twenties he made frequent visits to London, and became acquainted with the literati there, including Wycherley and Walsh. The final section of An Essay on Criticism discusses the moral qualities and virtues inherent in the ideal critic, who, Pope claims, is also the ideal man.

Alexander VI

There he entertained such friends as SwiftBolingbrokeOxford, and the painter Jonathan Richardson. Alexander was, therefore, easily induced to enter a defensive alliance with Milan and Venice ; the league was solemnly proclaimed, 25 April, For this, Pope Alexander had a new opening created in the portico of St.

Biography Biography of Alexander Pope Pope was an 18th-century English poet, best known for his satirical verse and for his translation of Homer.

He did have one alleged lover, his lifelong friend, Martha Blount.In the Spring ofAlexander Pope was born an only child to Alexander and Edith Pope. The elder Pope, a linen-draper and recent convert to Catholicism, soon moved his family from London to Binfield, Berkshire in the face of repressive, anti-Catholic legislation from Parliament.

Rodrigo Borgia, born at Xativa, near Valencia, in Spain, 1 January, ; died in Rome, 18 August, His parents were Jofre Lançol and Isabella Borja, sister of Cardinal Alfonso Borja, later Pope Callixtus III.

The young Rodrigo had not yet definitely chosen his profession when the elevation of his uncle to the papacy () opened up new prospects to his ambition.

Pope Alexander VI

Alexander VI: Alexander VI, corrupt, worldly, and ambitious pope (–), whose neglect of the spiritual inheritance of the church contributed to the development of the Protestant Reformation.

Rodrigo was born into the Spanish branch of the prominent and. Pope Alexander III (c. / – 3 August ), born Roland of Siena, was Pope from 7 September to his death in Through the Papal bull Manifestis Probatum, issued on 23 Mayhe recognized the right of Afonso I to proclaim himself King of Portugal, thus recognizing Portugal as an independent and sovereign Kingdom.

He also laid the foundation stone for the Notre-Dame de Paris. Pope Francis, who was born in Argentina, is the first pope to have come from the Americas. “I prefer a Church which is bruised, hurting and dirty because it has been out on the streets, rather.

Alexander Pope was born on May 21,in London, England, to Alexander and Edith Pope. His Roman Catholic father was a linen merchant.

Pope Alexander III

His family moved out of London and settled in Binfield in Windsor Forest around Pope had little formal schooling. He educated himself through extensive.

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